How to overclock a graphics card in a safe way

For many of the attempts that we can do to accelerate performance within games, and overclocking is at the top of the pyramid of those attempts. And for those who do not know, overclocking means increasing the speed of computer processor frequencies higher than the factory rates that were launched in order to obtain faster performance and higher results. But the process of overclocking is not limited to processors only, but includes the video memory RAM built into the graphics card, random access memory, and sometimes even the display screens themselves. Where we resort to this trick when we run out of all options and we are unable to buy new hardware, by overclocking, we can achieve higher results in the number of frames and the rate of frames within games, in other words in order to squeeze hardware hardware to get the last drop of performance that can be reached To it and fulfill it.

At first, do not imagine that after breaking the speed, the level of your gaming experience will change dramatically, meaning if the game is very slow and you cannot move the characters inside it in a positive way, you will not benefit in this case from the overclocking process. It is only an attempt to upgrade the experience. To explain the matter more clearly, you have to imagine that you cannot get the sufficient frame rate that must be reached in order to feel that the game is fast and the movement of the characters is smooth, meaning that the graphics card is not able to achieve 60FPS.

But it is very close to this rate, meaning that the number of frames ranges from 50FPS to 60FPS and this causes a feeling of slow and delayed performance, which is the famous problem called Lagging and Stuttering, which causes players to feel bored and want to not continue playing. In that case, if we were able to break the speed of the graphics card, we could get a 10 percent increase in the level of general performance within the games, and this means that the frame rate will rise to 60FPS, and we can go into a quiet and comfortable gaming experience that makes us able to continue and continue the game until its end, In this way, we got rid of the problem of frequent delay and escape from it better.

Fortunately, there are some games that benefit from significantly overclocking the graphics card, and these games are mostly the ones that got efficient support during their development in order to work well on different computer platforms and players can achieve a high frame rate inside them.

On the other hand, there are some games that do not benefit from overclocking as a result of their reliance on heavy graphics engines and the lack of attention of their developers to the level and form of performance on different computers, these games will not benefit from overclocking and all that we can get may not exceed one or two frames Only in this way will not differ the level of experience inside in any way and the only solution with it is to buy a stronger graphics card for it.

On the positive side, however, the process of breaking the speed of the graphics card does not mean improving performance within the games, but rather means the ability to finish work and projects on design and montage programs in faster periods of time, and for this reason the process of overclocking has become one of the basic steps that a very large category of Users and content creators. Overclocking is no longer as dangerous as it was in the past, and this is thanks to the desire of graphic card manufacturers to leave additional space for users to be able to overclock their cards and delight them with the new results that can be obtained and achieve records to be proud of. That is why we will start with you through this article to explain the process of overclocking the graphics card and how to do it step by step so that you can also implement it and benefit from it.

What we are heading for

Before you start overclocking, there are a number of key points that you should know first. The first point is to install the latest software driver definitions on the official pages of AMD or NVIDIA graphic processor manufacturers. The second point is to close all programs and applications in the background of the desktop so that they do not conflict with the Windows system while we are breaking the speed of the graphics card. Third, to ensure the provision of a power supply certified with a bronze certificate or higher and that it is not less than 500 watts in order to be able to overclock the speed. We are on the verge of consuming a high energy rate that is higher than the factory values ​​with which the graphics cards were launched, and it is expected that the graphic card with us will reach these rates.

It should be noted that it is not necessary to purchase a 1000 watt power supply as much as it is important to purchase a 500 watt or 600 watt power supply, but it is certified by a bronze or gold certificate and of high industrial quality, so it is recognized that high-quality and certified power supplies are able to provide real power current and efficient consumption High. If you encounter some serious problems during the process of overclocking the graphics card, such as restarting the system “Restart” or shutting down the system completely “Shaudown”, then there is no need to worry, but these signs indicate a weak or poor quality of the power supply, and for this reason we recommend that you first check the type of provider Your energy.

During overclocking, keep in mind the temperatures of the graphics card, although we will not seek to change the value of the primary voltage, but you should nevertheless monitor the temperatures constantly, especially since we are in the summer. It is imperative that the temperatures not reach the extreme limits that may cause the GPU to shut down or, in the worst conditions, damage and lose it. In the context of our discussion of the maximum permissible temperatures, you will find an explanation by the manufacturers of the maximum limits that should not be violated.

For example, you will find that the maximum temperature for all RTX 20 cards is often 88C, while the maximum temperature for all GTX 10 cards is 94C, as you notice that the temperatures vary from one generation of processors to another and differ from one graphics card to another. Even if you manage to overclock the graphics card during high temperatures, you will not benefit from the overclocking benefits because the high temperatures cause the GPU to self-throttle, which results in an automatic decrease in performance so that the GPU can protect itself.

There are several programs that help us to test the graphics card after overclocking so that we can be sure of the stability of the new breaking frequencies, but there is absolutely no need to use Burn Test tools as an example of Furmark, Kombustor and OCCT, as running such tools for long periods of time may cause damage The graphics processor or electrical circuit components inside the graphics card. Therefore, your use of such tools is on your personal responsibility and we are not responsible for any problems that occur to you as a result of the overclocking process that we are heading towards, so we recommend that you stay away from the aforementioned tools and we advise you to follow the same approach that we will follow in the explanation so that you avoid any risks that you are completely free of.

What do you need before overclocking a graphics card

First of all, you must ensure the correct and positive flow of air inside the computer case. If you do not have a sufficient number of ventilation fans, there is no objection to opening the side box door or removing it completely. Secondly, if the temperature of the graphics card ranges between 55C to 60C in idle mode, overclocking should not be performed, as this degree in idle mode is high and indicates that the graphics processor from an old architecture will not be able to benefit from overclocking, in this case it is possible Thinking about changing the GPU paste and being very careful when adding it or increasing the ventilation fans inside the computer case to get good airflow that helps cool down the heat of the graphics card. If the temperature of the graphics card ranges from 30C to 50C in the idle mode, then this indicates that the graphic card is from modern architectures and it is possible for you to complete the overclocking process with us.

We will need a number of tools and programs that will help us in the process of breaking the speed of the graphics card and testing its stability on the new results of the break, these programs include UNIGINE HEAVEN Benchmarking, which is a free program, and you can also rely on 3DMARK, but it is a paid program, so you can obtain it in several different ways such as Registry request from any friend of yours who owns the program, but in the event that you are not able to download the 3DMARK program, you are not required to, you will be satisfied with the UNIGINE HEAVEN program only to test the stability of the graphics card after overclocking.
We will also need to download MSI Afterburner in order to perform overclocking and overclocking through it. The last tool that we will need is GPUz in order to read a summary of the graphics card characteristics and their results after the overclocking process. It will also help us in monitoring the status of the graphics card during and after overclocking. As we mentioned to you previously, there is no risk of breaking the speed of the graphics card unless you try to play and change the basic voltage value, and therefore we stress to you again, there is no need to change the voltage value no matter what the cost of the matter, otherwise you will be exposed to more problems.

It is expected that you will encounter some common errors during overclocking, which indicate the instability of the graphics card with the new frequencies, including: the blue screen, nicknamed BSOD screen, black screen, freezing of the Windows system, sudden exit from within the games or from within the review programs that we will use, The appearance of some strange lines, dots, or flashes during the test and review, and finally the GPU Driver failed to identify and may require reinstallation in some cases. All the errors that we mentioned to you are indications that the graphics card is unstable at the new breaking frequencies, but there is no need to worry, when we encounter these errors we will stop breaking the speed, and we will explain to you through the explanation what steps we follow in this case, and therefore Now let’s get you started on overclocking the GIGABYTE GTX 1060 Xtreme Gaming card.


First Step: Install MSI Afterburner for overclocking graphics cards

All graphics card manufacturers have a dedicated overclocking tool for their graphics cards, there’s the Xtreme Gaming Engine for GIGABYTE Cards, the GPU Tweak Tool for ASUS Cards, there’s the Precision Tool for EVGA Cards, the FireStorm Tool for ZOTAC Cards… etc. You are free to choose the tool you want to use, as all tools come with the same features and uses. During the explanation we will use the MSI Afterburner tool dedicated to MSI cards, but it has the ability to overclock any graphics card from any other company, and it has many advantages and features that can be relied upon and utilized on a large scale whether we will use it in the overclocking process or to read the state of hardware components inside the games. But among its additional advantages is that it is famous for its stability and technical support with all graphic processors and is loved by most users, so we will complete the explanation through it.

Step 2: Increase the power and temperature limit from MSI Afterburner

All graphics cards are factory-set with specific rates of energy consumption and temperatures, which if the graphics processors reach any of them first, they will start to enter the self-suffocation stages to reduce high energy consumption and reduce high temperatures. Therefore, what we will do in this step is to raise these ratios by moving both the Power Limit and the Temp Limit indicator to the “far right” extremes. While moving the Power Limit indicator, we will notice that the temperature indicator increases automatically. You can release each of them from each other by clicking on the small red link mark located between the two values ​​as shown in the picture or leaving them as they are, but if you want to separate them from each other, you will be able to do this Figure Determine the Temp.Limit value separately according to the temperature extremes shown on your graphic card page on the company’s official website. Now that you have increased both the energy consumption and the temperature limits, press the Enter key and then click the checkmark {✔}.

The third step: overclocking the core clock frequency

This is actually the first step in overclocking a graphics card. It should be noted that the graphics processor contains thousands of cores operating at a frequency whose speed is measured in a MHz MehaHertZ unit, and it is known that every 1000MHz equals 1.0GHz, and thus increasing the frequency of the graphic processor will play a major role in raising its performance level and in its ability to process a larger number of data in The same estimated time periods. Therefore, we will start increasing the Core Clock frequency by 5MHz to 10MHz at one time by moving the Core Clock indicator to the right by 10MHz, then agreeing by pressing the Enter key and then clicking on the correct sign {✔} as shown in the previous image.

Then we do a review on UNIGINE HEAVEN software to make sure the graphics card is stable with the new boost. Then we increase the frequency value by 10MHz the next time and then test the new ratio and so on. If you cannot adjust the value by moving the Core Clock pointer, you can type 10 on the keyboard and then press the Enter key. We will keep increasing the frequency by 10MHz until we get any of the errors we mentioned at the beginning of the thread. Then we’ll only start reducing the breaking frequency by 5MHz and then going back to our review.

In order to clarify the matter in a simpler way: for example, if we reached an increase in the Core Clock frequency by 100MHz, but when we set it to 110MHz, we encountered some errors indicating the failure of the breaking process, then we set the frequency to 105MHz and then go back to testing the new ratio (105MHz) on the UNIGINE HEAVEN program , If problems continue to arise, we also continue to reduce the frequency until we get a completely stable frequency without encountering any errors.

Step four: the maximum value of the Core Clock frequency that we were able to reach and stabilize with it

With the GIGABYTE GTX 1060 Xtreme Gaming card we were able to increase the frequency of the graphics processor by 160MHz and have stabilized most of the reviews on 3DMARK, but we encountered stability problems with some other review stages, so we started gradually reducing the frequency by 5MHz at a time until we got It is completely stable in all reviews and in games with only 135MHz overclocking.

This process did not take nearly half an hour of our time, we do not need to throttle the GPU for long hours with Burn Test tools because we do not need it especially since we have not messed with the value of the base voltage. But remember, it is possible to get a higher breaking rate than we got even if you have the same graphics card that we have, but on the other hand, you can get a lower breaking rate as well, because there are no specific standards or criteria in the values ​​of Overclocking, in other words, you might be able to increase the frequency up to 200MHz and get complete stability, but it is also possible that you cannot even reach 100MHz. The reason for the lack of basic standards is that manufacturers of GPU chips and processor power circuit components differ.

Fifth step: Run UNIGINE HEAVEN

After we were able to raise the Core Clock frequency to 135MHz, we will start reviewing this ratio with you again on the UNIGINE HEAVEN program, and the program contains several styles and different settings of review formats, it is possible to adjust the graphic settings according to your preference and according to the graphic settings that you prefer to play your games on or Let’s leave the settings at default. To start UNIGINE HEAVEN, we press RUN.

As you can see, this is the interface of the famous review program, this program is a set of graphic scenes that contain complex and very dense data in order to form a state of heavy pressure on all the resources of the graphic processor and work at its maximum possible power, and these are the best forms and stages of the tests that we prefer to follow To check overclocking frequencies. The total number of graphic scenes is 18, so it is best to leave the program until it has loaded all the scenes before starting the testing process. You’ll notice a Scenes counter at the bottom-right of the program’s interface. All we have to do in this step is to leave the program and enjoy 18 scenes.

Sixth step: Test the stability of the maximum frequency of the Core clock that we have reached

After downloading the scenes and seeing them all, we click on the “Benchmarking” tab located in the top left of the program interface, as shown in the image. We leave the test until it ends and the final result is obtained for us. But if you encounter any problems or errors indicating that the overclocking is unstable, then you know what to do. You will close the UNIGINE HEAVEN program, then start reducing the Core Clock frequency gradually, and then repeat the test again until you make sure that the graphics card is able to load all the graphics and process its data in an image. Correct without encountering or noticing any errors, the natural thing that we can deal with calmly is the momentary delay when loading some scenes or what is called Lagging, so there is no need to worry. However, if the program or Windows system is exposed to a freeze state, this indicates that the fracture frequency is not stable.

Step seven: cancel the Core Clock overclocking, which we were able to access

After we have confirmed the stability of the new Core Clock frequency, we will reset its value to the factory value until we move to overclocking the video memory. In order to retrieve the FV values, we click on the reset sign {⟲} as shown in the previous image. But then make sure to maximize Power Limit and Temp Limit indicators in order to help us overclock video memory.

Step eight: overclock the memory clock

Fortunately, you will discover that video memory is very tolerant, as it allows to increase its frequency in very large proportions, there are some graphics cards that are able to increase the frequency of the video memory by the value of 1200MHz to 1500MHz, but it depends on several factors, the most important of which are the type of video memory, its cooling methods, its temperatures and the extent Tolerance of fracture that can be reached. So we will start increasing the video memory frequency by 50MHz to 75MHz at one time and then we will run the test process on UNIGINE HEAVEN program. If it becomes clear to us that the new value is stable, we will gradually increase it 50MHz to 75MHz until we begin to face errors that indicate that the new frequency is unstable, just as we did with the Core Clock frequency.

Step 9: Test the maximum value of the Memory Clock frequency that we reached

For us, we were able to raise the frequency of the video memory by 800MHz, but we encountered a simple problem indicating the presence of an unstable break, so we satisfied with the increase by 750MHz and already got complete stability in all stages of the UNIGINE HEAVEN program tests. Reaching this percentage in particular, or you may be able to reach it and skip it as well, and get complete stability while you are doing a bunch of tests or while playing your games.

Step ten: Break the speed of both the Core Clock and the Memory Clock together

In this step you should focus a little. If we remember the final breakout frequency of the Core Clock that we got the stability with was 135MHz, while we came with the Memory Clock frequency to 750MHz, right? Well, in this step we will set these values ​​together and in this way we are able to completely overclock the graphics card. But. When adjusting both the video memory and the graphic processor together at the same time at the new frequencies, we may encounter some errors again, and this is something expected and likely to happen, so what we will do this time to make sure that we achieve rapid stability with tests is to reduce each of the final frequencies once Finally, in the sense that we will be satisfied with increasing the Core Clock frequency by 130MHz only and we will be satisfied with increasing the Memory Clock frequency by 700MHz, and this method is very successful in reaching stability faster. After adjusting the new frequencies, we will make a final review on the UNIGINE HEAVEN program and the 3DMARK program, if any, to ensure the stability of their results.

Step 11: Ensure that the new fracture frequencies are stable with different number of tests

After we were able to overclock the frequency of both the graphics processor and the video memory, several different reviews and tests should be conducted in order to be completely sure of the stability of the graphics card functioning normally. If you encounter some signs of instability, what you should do is reduce the Core Clock frequency value by 5MHz or reduce the Memory Clock frequency value by 10MHz and then repeat the test, and so on gradually until you reach full stability in all reviews and with all your favorite games.

Step 12: Save the new overclocking mode

After reaching a stable overclock, we will create a profile to save the new broken mode through the MSI Afterburner tool, and this is by clicking on the Save icon as shown in the image and then choosing File Number 1 to save the settings. In this way, you can restore the factory settings of the graphics card at any time by clicking Reset or return to the overclocking profile by clicking on the profile file number 1. In fact, you can do more than one file and the reason for this is that there are some games that do not respond properly Good with the new overclocking modes while other games respond better at higher frequencies, so you can choose the breakout mode specific to the game by the numbers of files you save in MSI Afterburner.

In conclusion, let’s see together the results that we got through the GPUz tool readings, which show the differences before and after the fracture. We will notice that there is an increase in many values ​​of graphics card properties, such as Pixel Fillrate, Texture Fillrate, and Memory Bandwidth, all of which indicate an increase in the efficiency and performance of the graphics processor and video memory in order to complete work in faster periods of time or process game data and achieve a greater number of frames within games .

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