It is normal for you to care about the temperature of your graphics card during hot days and when playing heavy games, so worrying about high temperatures means that you strive to preserve the life of the graphics card. But we always wonder what is the maximum safe temperature that should not be exceeded. In this regard, Nvidia clarifies the maximum permissible temperature for each generation of graphics cards, which is often 89C or 93C. But if the graphics card exceeds those permissible limits, it may result in problems such as facing the blue screen or the black screen or stopping the programmatic driver definition, but in rare cases it may result in the graphics card completely stopping work and damage to the processor.
Regardless that excessive temperature may cause damage to graphic processors, but there are several other problems that graphics cards may encounter as a result of high temperatures, for example the problem of self-throttling, “Thermal Throttling”, self-suffocation is not a problem to say, Rather, it is basically a thermodynamic design that is factory-set to specific proportions of energy consumed and safe limits for temperatures. When the graphic card reaches any of those limits first, the graphics card immediately begins to enter the stage of self-suffocation automatically. The purpose of this thermal design is to maintain the life of the card and to reduce high energy consumption that causes high electricity bills.
GPUs are able to operate at high temperatures, but continuously higher temperatures reduce their lifespan. Nvidia once indicated that graphics cards that are subjected to continuous work 24/7 in mining operations may not have a lifespan of only two years, while the life span of graphics cards used in games extends to approximately 5 years. Generally it depends on how the card is used and how long it has been in use.
In fact, one should be concerned about the components of the micro-graphics card more than worrying about the graphics processor, as the circuit and power channels responsible for passing and converting electrical current to the GPU are of great importance, and they have high sensitivity to high temperatures and are subject to damage at any moment, and unfortunately the possibility Changing or exchanging them after the warranty period has expired will be difficult and nearly impossible.
But at the same time, the high temperature of the graphics processor will accelerate the end of its life, in addition to that, the high temperature causes it to enter early in the self-suffocation stages that result in a decline and decrease in performance levels. Therefore, we will walk with you through this article through a set of basic steps and additional attempts to see how we can preserve the graphics card from the risks of high temperatures.
1- First attempt : Clean the graphics card from dust and dirt
Dust and moist dirt accumulating on the parts of the graphics card causes the components to not flow in the optimum airflow, and thus these components will fight due to the thermal suffocation they are exposed to as a result of the hot air surrounding their atmosphere, in addition to that the accumulation of dust on the fins of the fans will cause their movement and delay their rotation At their original speeds, and this matter causes the graphics processor to throttle due to the insufficient percentage of cold air and the optimal distribution of air through the heat exchangers and heat absorption tubes built into the graphic card.
Therefore, the process of cleaning the card is considered one of the routine steps that most of us are aware of, but there is a large group of users who neglect this step or face severe concerns about dealing with the plastic structure of the card for fear of breaking it or damaging it. In fact, we need to remind you that the graphic card structure is very sensitive and really breakable. Although there is a risk in the process of disassembling and cleaning the card, but it is not an impossible task at the same time, and in any case you are forced to do it, you just have to handle the card gently and very carefully so as not to cause the fins of the fans to break.
2- The second attempt : Add a new paste material in place of the old one
The real purpose of the paste material is not only cooling, but also isolating the GPU surface from the metal dispersion base, which is why we sometimes call it a heat insulating paste material. Fortunately, graphics cards contain high-quality insulation materials, and they can withstand for long periods of time in their liquid state, but not all cards come with the most expensive high-quality paste materials, and in all cases you will discover that the time factor and high temperatures are the main factors that cause the fragmentation of particles The insulating material is transformed into small scattered pieces similar to white rock stones, and thus the putty material becomes of no value.
For this reason, it is necessary to change the putty material with a new one instead of the old one, at the same time you must take care that it be of high quality materials, especially if you have owned the card for several years and have not taken the initiative to change the paste at any previous time soon. The new thermal paste material will help the GPU refresh and cool its surface again, and it is one of the positive attempts that always brings its benefits. If your graphic card is over 80C then this might be the best time to take this step.
3- The third attempt : Clean the bag and add more fans if needed
If you notice that the graphics card is experiencing extreme temperatures, this is probably the time to ensure that the airflow is positively flowing into the box. You may have to purchase additional, more powerful fans, or distribute the fans better inside the bag, for better performance in drawing in the cold air from the outside and then pushing the hot air out. Certainly cleaning the fins of all bag fans and removing the dust and dust accumulated on them are among the factors that positively affect the better airflow inside the bag even if the results do not appear tangibly in the programs and tools for reading temperatures.
4- The fourth attempt : Organize and arrange cables inside the bag
The purpose of organizing and arranging the cables is not only to cool down the temperature of the graphics card, but also to ensure the correct airflow inside the bag. It should be noted that the fans of the bag receive the air and expel it through specific angles. Therefore, thick cables or branching wires should not obstruct or block the air flow. In all cases, the arrangement and organization of the cables makes the hardware components and the bag look better, especially if you can hide all the cables in a professional way and the bag helps you to do so, in addition to that, you will notice later that the process of disassembling and installing the hardware components is much easier.
Sometimes you may find yourself having to open the side bag door or remove it completely, yes, it is not the best solution because it causes the accumulation of all kinds of dust inside the computer case, but it is one of the positive and clearly effective attempts to cool all parts of the hardware and expel hot air quickly, especially In the summer period or if the graphics card suffers from high temperatures.
5- Fifth attempt : Manually adjust graphics card fan speed
The operating speed of the virtual fans is an estimated process from the manufacturers of the graphic card, as some cards come with strong and high-quality fans, and therefore you will notice that they work in a quiet sound and slow rotation speed, but some other cards, especially the old graphics architectural cards, are interested in increasing the speed of the fans due to the high degree Heat processors of these architectures.
In any case, creating a manual profile of the fan speed may be a positive attempt. Unfortunately, increasing the speed of the fans may cause you a lot of inconvenience, in addition to the high speeds causing erosion from the inside over time, but it is a must-have attempt in order to preserve the life of the graphics card. Fortunately graphics cards released by third-party manufacturers (ASUS, MSI, GIGABYTE, ZOTAC, and Sapphire) contain professional fans with powerful and high-quality performance, so you do not have to worry about their useful life. Of course you can change the fans of the card if you notice that the fans The standard is not very efficient, but the whole problem is that it is scarce in most local stores.
6- The sixth attempt : Reverse overclocking to reduce the speed of frequencies
Broken-speed cards are released at factory rates at higher rates than the default speeds that are set by graphics processor companies, and of course, higher frequencies will require more energy consumption, and for this reason the GPU temperature increases with modern games.
In the beginning, we may think about reducing the voltage manually, but tampering with the value of the base voltage is one of the dangerous attempts that we do not advise you to do, as it may cause the work of the graphics card to become unstable or enter into several unnecessary problems. In addition, some graphic cards do not provide the ability to change the voltage value because they do not contain digital current voltage regulators.
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Therefore, one of the best attempts that we can address to reduce the temperature of the graphics card is to reduce the frequency of the graphics processor and video memory. This attempt is completely safe and will not cause you any problems, and it will have a tangible and clear effect on the temperature. In order to be able to reverse the speed, you must use any of the third-party tools, then reduce the value of the Core Clock and Memory Clock frequency by 100MHz – to 200MHz -, if the result is not good, then reduce the frequency indicators until they reach the lowest value available.
Certainly, this attempt is not the best ideal solution, and it will cause a sacrifice that may be large at times in the overall performance level of the card, but it is a sacrifice in order to achieve a more important goal, which is to protect the card from the risks of overheating.